The practice of both cuts, which is equivalent to amputating them, affects the social interaction of the dog, exposes him to pain and possible infections.
Certain modalities of tail and ears became desired physical characteristics for different races. For example, guard and defense dogs such as Boxers and Dobermans were cut to be less vulnerable if another animal wanted to attack them.
Today, the practice has been extended mainly for aesthetic reasons, for dogs that began to fulfill company functions. However, some veterinarians began to refuse to perform these amputations, and try to convince the owners not to ask for them.
Here are seven reasons that veterinarians give you to think twice if you are looking to cut the tail or ears of your pet.
1. Cutting them is actually an amputation
Cutting your pet's nails or hair is part of the cleaning routine and is not traumatic. But in the amputation of the tail (caudectomy) and the ears cartilages, nerves, blood vessels and other tissues are cut in addition to the skin.
2. The tail is continuity of your spine
The tail is composed of vertebrae called caudal accompanied by other tissues, and is an important element to maintain the balance of the dog. It also serves as a guide to turn, run and make any movement.
3. The tail and ears are vital for communication
A dog not only communicates through its barking but sends messages to other dogs on a physical and humoral level (smells). The position of the ears and the movement of the tail give important information to interact with other animals.
4. It is painful and traumatic for your pet
The cut of the tail and the ears should be practiced during the first five days of birth, because the tissues and nerves are less susceptible, but still the pain exists. Veterinarians apply local anesthesia, but it is known that breeders do not use it, and subject puppies to unnecessary pain and trauma. This procedure is characterized by an abundant sacred.
5. A bad operation can cause death
As they are open wounds, infections by mutilation in the tail of dogs could reach their genital organs and involve the spine. In a severe case, you could suffer a generalized infection and die.
6. Any amputation affects the behavior of the animal
Not being enough the practice of amputation of ears and tail, there are dog owners who come to veterinarians requesting the cutting of the vocal cords for those who bark a lot. The animal, in a few words, remains mute, unable to bark or with an aphonic bark.
7. There is no medical support to support it
If it is not strictly necessary due to a tail fracture or to remove a tumor, amputations in that area and cutting the ears are prohibited in several countries of the world.
Source: The Universal Report 21