October is the month of awareness about breast cancer and it is a good time to learn about the myths of this disease. The goal is for women to learn to perform periodic examinations and be able to detect this evil in time, it is easier to fight in its early stages.
Each year 1.38 million new cases appear and 458 thousand women die because of it. It is worth knowing some things about this terrible disease, to be forewarned and diagnosed in time. Breast cancer is detected with a self-examination 90 percent of the time, and the chances of overcoming it have increased in recent years.
1. Can taking breast strokes cause cancer?
Injury to the breast area does not increase the risk, but it can generate other types of trauma.
2. Can anti-perspirants cause cancer?
It is a sensitive issue. In the United States and Japan, antiperspirant particles have been found in cancer tissue samples. But nothing confirms that the chemical components of deodorants generate alterations in breast tissue.
3. If there are relatives who have suffered, are I at risk?
Even if it is a close family member who has had breast cancer does not increase the chances of contracting it, it is still good to be alert and perform self-exams. A study showed that women who carry the BRCA gene are more at risk. That's why Angelina Jolie, carrier of the gene, performed a double mastectomy to reduce the odds.
4. Does having small breasts make me less likely to have cancer?
The size of the breasts does not influence the risk of contracting it.
5. Is it healthy to sleep with a bra?
Some women think that sleeping with bra makes blood circulation difficult and this can increase the risk of getting cancer, yet there is nothing scientifically proven. But it is always recommended to use an appropriate size that does not oppress or abuse the area.
6. Are mammograms painful?
Not exactly painful, but they are uncomfortable. It is recommended that women perform this study during the first two weeks of their menstrual cycle when the breasts are less sensitive.
7. Are masses in the breasts a symptom?
With periodic examination we can detect some lumps or masses in the breasts, but not all are malignant. That is why it is important to have regular check-ups and mammograms every so often to discard any possibility.
8. Does eating sugar increase the risk?
There are no studies that prove or discard this myth, if something is true is that cancer cells consume more glucose than normal cells. It is better to maintain a diet low in simple sugars, since excessive weight and obesity are associated with other types of cancer.
9. Is cancer spread?
No. It is a disease that is dissimulated by the body, but not between people. The only way to transmit it would be through a transplant of organs or tissues, a really remote possibility given the strict medical care in these surgeries.
10. Can my attitude determine my risk?
There is no evidence that if you have a positive or negative attitude it can be directly related to the risk of getting cancer. At the time of contracting it is true that maintaining a positive attitude improves the healing process; The patient who maintains social relationships, performs physical activities and has emotional support has a treatment easier to cope with.
11. Is there a medicinal herb that can cure cancer?
None is yet discovered, what is certain is that several studies have analyzed alternative treatments which complement Western methods to fight cancer. Some herbs, fruits and vegetables included in the daily diet, have benign effects on patients, while others can be harmful, this type of doubt is best consulted directly with the treating doctors.
12. If I have breast cancer, will my breast be removed?
If the cancer is detected early by means of a mammogram or an ultrasound it is possible to find it in its smaller stages and receive an early treatment and only the tumor can be removed, receive chemotherapy and conserve the breast.
13. Is chemotherapy the best strategy to fight it?
Chemotherapy should always be accompanied by other medical treatments to be effective: surgery, radiation and hormonal treatments.
14. Can dyeing my hair increase my risk?
The use of dyes does not increase or decrease the chances of getting breast cancer.It is true that some of the five thousand chemicals contained in hair dye products are classified as carcinogenic but have not been shown to be dangerous concentrations for humans.
15. Can men suffer from breast cancer?
Men are affected to a lesser extent but still can also contract it. Children who have high levels of estrogen or hereditary genetic mutations are more likely. So they should also be checked periodically.